Asana is a Sanskrit word that transcribes to seat. Initially, the only asana practised was to sit comfortably and meditate for a long duration, the other forms of asana were then gradually developed to support in sitting for an extended period. In the present era, Yoga experts describe “asana ” as a yogic posture that is comfortable and stable and has a well-defined purpose. Asanas are also referred to as yoga poses or yoga positions. Most of the asanas are derived and named after animals or mythological figures — asanas assists in strengthening muscle, improving flexibility, destressing, improving organ functioning. Few of the most common asanas are:-
PAWANMUKTASANA (WIND RELEASING POSE)
Pawanmuktasana is also termed as Wind Releasing Pose. This asana strengthens abdominal and condition organs of the digestive system.
SARVANGASANA (SUPPORTED SHOULDER STAND YOGA POSE)
Sarvangasana is also recognized as a supported shoulder stand yoga pose. This asana stretches the back of the neck while strengthening the spine and core muscles, and it also improves eyesight and hearing ability.
TADASANA (PALM TREE POSE)
Tadasana also called Palm Tree pose, is a comfortable standing asana, which structures the base for all the standing asanas. This asana strengthens thighs and ankles while improving feet and hip mobility.
DHANURASANA (BOW POSE)
Dhanurasana or Bow pose. It is a midway yoga pose that involves inversion and a backbend. This asana makes back flexible, bolster back muscle and improves blood circulation.
MAKARASANA (CROCODILE POSE)
Makarasana is also recognized as a crocodile pose. This asana requires the practitioner to lie down. It calms down the mind and body. It can help in curing slip disk and lung-related health issues, and it also stretches hip muscles.
MATSYASANA (FISH POSE)
Matsyasana is also known as a reclining back-bending asana in Hatha Yoga. This asana helps in restoring spinal strength, and it also strengthens neck muscles.
VAKRASANA (HALF SPINAL TWIST POSE)
Vakrasana is also recognized as half spinal twist pose. It comes under the class of seated asanas. Here, the upper body is bent to bring the upper spine equivalent to the sides of the yoga mat. Vakrasana helps to increase spine elasticity and is good for digestion.
Prasārita Pādottānāsana is a standing pose with the feet wide apart and the body folded forward. It helps to strengthen leg muscles like thighs, hamstrings, and calves, and it also provides relief during headaches.
SUPTA VAJRASANA (SUPINE THUNDERBOLT POSE)
Supta Vajrasana is also recognized as Supine Thunderbolt pose, and it is an advanced variation of Vajrasana. It helps to relieve constipation, and it is also beneficial during asthma or any other lung-related issue.
BHUJANGASANA (COBRA POSE)
Bhujangasana is also known as cobra pose a mild backbend practised from a face-down pose that warms and strengthens the spine as opening the chest. Bhujangasana stretches shoulder and abdominal muscle, and it also relieves stress and fatigue.
HALASANA (PLOUGH POSE)
Halasana is also known as is a folded inversion, usually considered a finishing pose that may be exercised at the end of a yoga session. Halasana strengthens the back muscle and spinal cord, and it also aids to boost the digestive system.