Anxiety is a reaction to stress. It alerts us to dangers and helps us to get ready and be attentive. However, if the feeling of worry and fear is overwhelming without any major reason or the anxiety persists even after the stimulus that has caused it has been subsided, then it can be termed as an Anxiety Disorder. Though, it requires a diagnosis from a mental health professional.
Generalised Anxiety Disorder (GAD)– Generalised Anxiety disorder is the most common and can sub-divided further into a group depending on what unique experiences each person has. Symptoms include-fear, irrational thoughts, hyperactivity, nervousness, tension, anger, and restlessness.
Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD)– Social Anxiety Disorder is becoming more frequent as we become much more interactive with our outside world. Fear of judgment, stress and overwhelming feelings from trying to keep up with others, fear of denial or failure in the eyes of others and feelings of overstimulation from outside stimuli are general symptoms.
Phobias– Although this ties with most other types of anxiety, it can be a separate illness. Irrational fears, that are activated by uncertainty and are a means of avoiding the unwanted feelings associated, are common symptoms.
Panic Disorder- An amplified state of fight or flight reaction activated by an irrational stress reaction that increases fear, sending the nervous system into overdrive, constantly living on the edge, being easily startled and suffering from frequent panic attacks. It may often root paranoia to occur.
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)– Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder is a fear-based disorder that causes irrational anxiety and worries that occur based on previous trauma or negative experience. The brain enters defensive mode and tries to protect itself from the future threat by fearing the past. Symptoms include flashbacks, panic, anxiety, stress, worry, more fear and an insistence on avoidance.
These types show that anxiety is not limited to one type of feeling due to one type of reason but if you feel you are experiencing any symptoms due to any cause, you must see the doctor and take the treatment accordingly.