Mudras are finger and hand gestures with a symbolic meaning. Mudras have been used in India for storytelling techniques, the healing process, for emotional expression, as well as in dancing. Mudras have elaborately/extensively been used in Yoga and Indian dance practices. In stock, there are more than 200 hand mudras. Every mudra has its “precise technique, application, health, and spiritual advantages and historical background”. Mudras have a significant role in the spiritual system of India.
The Use of Mudras in Yoga.
Mudras are used in Yoga. In Yoga, Mudras are known to be the “developed forms of asana”. Mudras are directly linked with human senses, and in yoga practice, mudras give positive results. There are two categories of Mudras in yoga practice: first, Mudras as hand gestures that control the critical elements of the body, and, second, “Mudras that help in the development of the Kundalini and elevating the Pranas”. It has been found that the universe engages five elements: Fire, Air, Space, Earth, and Water. The human body also has been made of five elements, and the five fingers represent these elements: “the thumb represents Fire, index finger –Air, middle finger –Space, ring finger –Earth, and the little finger-Water. The primary goal of this practice is to establish an equilibrium between these elements.
Some of the most common mudras are:
Shunya mudra is a natural yoga gesture planned to reduce the space element (akasha) in the body and calm the mind.
Varun Mudra is a therapeutic exercise and a form of Yoga which stabilizes the water content in the body and helps in healing skin conditions.
Prana mudra is a yoga practice designed to boost strength and activate the Muladhara (root) chakra
Surya Mudra is a hand sign that increases the fire element and reduces the earth element in the body. They improve your inner confidence and increase your memory.
Gyan mudra is one of the essential mudras that endorses physical and mental health.
Vayu mudra is a hand gesture believed to help control the air element within the body and calms the mind.
Prithvi mudra is a symbolic gesture of the hands often used in yoga exercise to encourage healing and maintain spiritual equilibrium within the body.
Apana mudra is a mixture of Agni, Akasha and Prithvi components. A mix of these elements helps to get better digestion.
Apan Vayu Mudra
Apan Vayu Mudra is an extremely powerful mudra, and it is believed that it helps in curing heart attacks.
Linga mudra is shaped by interlocking the palm but keeping the left thumb erect pointing up. It helps to control cold and cough.