Postpartum depression – Symptoms and causes

29
Apr

The birth of a baby is usually an eagerly awaited and joyful event and a milestone in the life of a family. Many women are surprised, then, when this joyful event is followed by sadness, mood swings, and anhedonia.  Postpartum depression is a severe form of depression that is direct related to pregnancy and childbirth.

This response should not, however, be a surprise to medical providers. Postpartum depression (PPD) is the most common complication of childbearing, occurring in approximately 15% of women during the postpartum period, with some sources suggesting that the true incidence may be higher.

The potential impacts on the mental and physical health of the mother and her infant may be profound and lifelong, as bonding, preventive care, and health maintenance are often suboptimal during the first few critical months of life.

 

What Is Postpartum Depression?

As its name already describes that this is a type of depression but this is a severe form of depression when you have a baby. It can be during your baby’s first year too, but most commonly it has been seen effecting during the first 4 weeks after birth. Postpartum depression is more common than you think. One study of ten thousand ladies with newborns found that about 1 in 7 get postpartum depression but due to advancement of medical science, most of those women find that treatment helps.

 

Symptoms of Postpartum Depression-

Well, symptoms may be differing from mom to mom but there are some common things to look out for. If one has postpartum depression, one might feel sad, hopeless, and guilty because one may not feel like one wants to bond with, or care for, one’s baby.

1. One can feel an unwanted sadness all the time or may have the feeling of deep despair and may feel that one is lost all hope.

2. Mom with this depression keeps worrying about the baby and may feel that she is unable to care her baby or do basic chores.

3. She may be experiencing a lot crying for no real reason.

4. She does not feel close to her baby or misses the feeling of mom-baby bonding.

5. She may lost her all interests, doesn’t take food, doesn’t want to have sex, she may not having self care and doesn’t feel happy with the things she used to like doing before the delivery.6. Excessive sleeping is the major symptoms of postpartum depression too.

6. She may find herself that she is unable to focus on something even the important things too and lack of learning and/or sometimes lack of memory.

 

Causes of Postpartum Depression-

There can be various cause of postpartum depression, all of them are being categorise under the following three major categories so that you can understand properly-

1.Hormones. 

As we already know that there are some hormonal-changes happen during the pregnancy. Most of hormone levels raise when a lady carrying a baby but after the delivery they drop so quickly, so this sudden drop of hormones sometimes triggers the mood swings and depression. Even many women experience these mood swings in their periods too.

2. History of depression.

Women, who have a tendency to get depressed  on small things or have  a depression before the pregnancy  may be more likely to face postpartum depression.  If one’s family has a history of depression or mental problems ones chances increase to have postpartum depression.

3. Stress and problems.

Some pregnancy occur without any planning or male partner not wanted to have baby, are some causes that put pressure on the women and in that condition women may have postpartum depression.  Other family problems, financial problems or health problems can be generate postpartum depression too.
Lack of experience or very young lonely women who aren’t prepared to care for or support a baby are also at risk.

Treatment-

Only a doctor can diagnose you with postpartum depression. But if you think you have it, make an appointment right away. If it’s postpartum depression, there are treatments that will get you back to feeling like yourself again.