Pranayama is derived from three different Sanskrit words Prana, Yama, and Ayama. Prana stands for “life force” or “life energy”. Yama refers to “regulation” or “manage”. Ayama means “growth” or “extension”. Pranayama is a form of Yoga that focuses on breathing techniques. It comprises of a sequence of breathing exercises planned to meet the body’s needs and keep it healthily.
Significance of Pranayama
Pranayama is an integral part of Yoga that regulates the functioning of various internal body parts. If you regularly practice Pranayama, it will positively impact your blood circulation, respiratory system, endocrine system, and digestive system. Pranayama makes sure that more oxygen reaches your lungs and brain. Various Pranayama is known to calm the mind and helps deal with stress. Pranayama helps to improve the functioning of the kidney and the nervous system. It is also known to strengthen the will power. Kumbhaka or retention of Breath regulates the supply of oxygen or exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide thus facilitates better lung functioning. Pranayama improves the operation of the nervous system, which controls glandular secretions, heart rate, digestion, blood pressure, and respiration.
Types of Pranayama
Bhastrika, also recognized as bellows breath, is considered one of the most vital and useful yogic breathing techniques. It improves brain functioning, detoxifies lungs and improves blood circulation.
Bhramari Pranayama also know as Humming Bee Breath, is a soothing breathing exercise that calm the nervous system, reduces stress and anxiety, and helps to meditate.
Ujjayi Pranayama is a form of breathing practice that helps to relax the mind and warm the body. It stimulates and regulates thyroid, detoxifies inner body organ and helps to destress.
Nadi Shodhana Pranayama is a breathing practice that works at both the physical and mental levels. It helps in rejuvenating the nervous system, releasing body toxins and relaxes the mind.
Sheetali Pranayama, also recognized as chilly Breath, is breathing exercise that helps to cool the body, relax the muscle, and calm the mind. This Pranayama is avoided during winters.