What is music therapy and how it can be used in overcoming depression?

06
Jul
music therapy

Depression is an anti-mental growth disease; it gradually reduces our brain’s ability to function properly and slowly takes the mind completely into its clutches. Many types of therapy are used to treat depression. One such therapy is music therapy.

What is music therapy?
 
Ever since humans stopped living a nomadic life and started living in a colony, music has been a part of human life.

In music therapy, a small group consists of skilled musicians and another group consists of a few medical specialists who can be doctors, psychiatrists, and psychologists. They make their time table based on the understanding of the disorder. This time table is divided into many small sessions. In every session, they make the patient listen to or recite a few different ragas and melodies and note down the effects of those tunes and ragas on the patient. Then the improvement in the patient is observed. However, this medical system is still in its infancy stage and different experts have different opinions about it.
If we focus on Indian classical music, we will find that different ragas have been determined for different times and they affect the environment and the individuals. If we believe in this theory, then the development of this medical practice can be expected to have a positive effect on diseases.

Music therapy and treatment of depression –
Although the treatment through music therapy cannot be described accurately, music therapy has had a great and positive impact on some of the mental patients. Such patients were suffering from schizophrenia and depression. This therapy first examines the depression patient’s emotional level, his or her way of talking and reacting to a situation, and his or her behavior in the social gathering. Before starting the therapy, many sessions were held with the patient to understand his or her temperament and thought process.

At the beginning of this type of therapy, the patient not only listens to some melodies but is also motivated to learn to play an instrument (as per his / her choice), and then the patient is asked to write some lyrics or songs complimenting those tunes. Though, the patient is not pressurised to perform all these tasks. Gradually, the time of the session and difficulty level of the ragas is increased and these changes are based on the skills and experience of the expert. Slowly the patient starts recovering and is advised to regularly practice the musical instruments and listen to some prescribed ragas.

In the initial period of therapy, you may consider it as a childish game, but when you see patients start recovering slowly from this therapy then you will also start believing that music can also be used as an effective treatment.